Diabetes mellitus, which has a high prevalence in Iran and the world, is always a risk factor for people with diabetes and is associated with serious complications due to the lack of proper nutrition. Diabetes is a disease caused by high blood sugar levels. In this case, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, and the blood glucose level of 1 gram per liter increases.
Sugar disease is divided into two categories:
۱ Insulin dependent 2. Non-insulin dependent
The causes of “insulin-dependent diabetes” are: infections, genetics, immune deficiency, tumors.
People with this type of diabetes, which even in children, almost always require insulin infusion. The prevalence of the disease is before 30 years of age. It is also very common in overeating, overweight, overweight, and weight loss.
Causes of “non-insulin-dependent diabetes” include obesity, hepatitis B pregnancy, and …
This type of diabetes can be controlled by diet or sugar pills, and if your diet is not followed by exercise, it’s likely that insulin needs to be found in the future. The age of the outbreak is usually after 40 years of age.
The appearance of sugar in the urine, the increase in urine (up to three times that of healthy people), the abundance of drinking water, eating and weight loss are signs and symptoms of the disease.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
In addition to fatigue and morbidity, this complication usually causes serious complications in the body over time and after about 10 years. These complications in the eye are cataracts and retinal vascular disorders, and ultimately blindness.
It also has a destructive role in the kidneys, and if it is neglected and the necessary care is not taken, it usually leads to the loss of kidneys of diabetics and the consequence of ongoing dialysis.
Diabetes mellitus for cardiovascular patients also causes dangerous and sometimes irreparable complications, that is, they have a special ability to develop heart attacks.
Other complications of diabetes include nervous and vascular diseases of the brain, ulceration, and fatigue in your fingers and other organs. (The most common side effects of diabetes are on the eyes, heart, kidneys and fingers).
The diet in people with diabetes is:
If a diabetic regularly uses a diet that specializes in diabetes and daily exercise, he does not need to use sugar pills even if his blood glucose does not exceed 150, as it can easily be done. Control and bring down again.
The consumption of sweets and all kinds of artificial chocolate is one of the most dangerous types of sugar substances for diabetics. Diabetics have a particular ability to have high blood pressure and blood glucose. To avoid these complications, you should avoid using salt dishes and fat and red grapefruit. Consumption of all types of fruits and vegetables and unroasted sturgeon (especially vegetable cereals), chicken meat, mushrooms, fish, vitamin and fatty soups and a brief protein are the best food for diabetics.
Instead of having three meals a day, it’s better to use 6 meals a day for less than 24 hours a day, and to consume too much food and try to use fiber foods and fruits, so that they always feel satiated and eat less food. To be
Exercise is very necessary for diabetics, and diet alone can not control diabetics. Lightweight and regular exercise, in addition to reducing their blood sugar, improves the muscle tissue of the heart and vascular system and improves gastrointestinal tract and prolongs the useful life of these organs and prevents lipid deposition.
A very useful diet for diabetics is:
Breakfast (7am) = ۳ pieces of 45 grams or fish + vegetable eating + green beans + cauliflower + spinach.
۵ pm = a little sweet fruit.
۹ nights = 75 grams of mushrooms or boiled meat + pumpkin + tomato + cucumber + orange or apple.
۱۱ nights = a little sweet fruit.
In the type of insulin-dependent diabetes insulin used in different doses overnight, and in the type of non-insulin dependent diabetes, glibenclamide, metformin tablets and the like can be used according to the physician’s instructions.